When it comes to robots, the truth is still out of touch with science fiction. However, just because robots have not fulfilled their promise decades ago does not mean that they will not come sooner or later. Indeed, the combination of many advanced technologies brings the age of robots at hand – they are smaller, cheaper, more efficient, and more economical.
Brawn, Bone & Brain
There are 3 features for any robot:
Brawn – The power associated with a payload that can be delivered by a robot.
Bone – the body structure of a robot in relation to its function; this determines the size and weight of the robot in relation to its physical loading.
Brain – robotic intelligence; what I thought and did independently; how much communication is required by hand a small review.
Because of the way robots have been shown to be science fiction, many people expect robots to be just like humans in appearance. But in reality, what a robot looks like is closely related to the functions or functions it performs. Many machines that do not look like humans can be clearly identified as robots. And similarly, some robots that look like humans do not simply go beyond the mechanics, or toys.
Many of the first robots were large machines, with important brawn and small details. Older robots powered by the 3-D phase – dumb, dirty and dangerous. Technological advances since its inception the industry has fully reviewed the power, efficiency and benefits of robotic techniques. For example, in the 1980s robots were transformed from electric power to electrically operated units. Accuracy and performance improved.
Industrial robots are already in operation
The number of robots in the world today is close to 1,000,000, about half that number in Japan and only 15% in the US. In the last few decades, 90% of the robots used in automobiles have been used, especially in assembly lines for a variety of repetitive tasks. Today only 50% are in automotive plants, part of which is spread among other factories, laboratories, warehouses, energy centers, hospitals, and many other industries.
Robots are used to assemble products, handle hazardous materials, paint, cut and polish, product testing. The number of robots used in various activities, such as sewage treatment, land mines, and complex surgeries is growing steadily, and will continue to grow in the years to come.
Even at the earliest ingenuity, robots have shown the ability to produce good profits in factory production, efficiency and quality. Besides, some “super smart” robots are not in production; they are used as space inspectors, remote operating surgeons and pets – like Sony’s AIBO dog. Somehow, some of these other applications point out the potential in production buildings if manufacturers realized that industrial robots did not need to be strapped down, or restricted by the limitations of yesterday’s equipment concepts.
With the rapidly growing microprocessor power and artificial intelligence techniques, robots have significantly increased their power as flexible automation tools. The new explosion of robots is in applications that require advanced ingenuity. Robotic technology combines a variety of related technologies – machine vision, power sensation (touch), speech recognition and state-of-the-art equipment. This leads to exciting new levels of performance for tasks that have never been considered as robots.
The introduction of integrated and touch robots dramatically changes the speed and efficiency of new production and delivery systems. Robots are so precise that they can be used when crafts are out of order. The production of semiconductor is one example, where the highest level of penetration and quality cannot be achieved by humans and simple machines. In addition, significant gains are made in enabling rapid product change and evolution that can be compared to normal use.
As mentioned, robotic applications come from the automotive industry. General Motors, with about 40-50,000 robots, continues to use and develop new methods. The ability to bring more ingenuity to robots now offers new strategic options. Car prices have actually declined over the past two to three years, so the only way manufacturers can continue to make a profit is to reduce construction and production costs.
When plants are transformed into new vehicle models, hundreds of millions of dollars are invested in the facility. The focus of robotic technology is to reduce investment by increasing flexibility. New robotic applications are available for existing work with dedicated machines. The flexibility of the Robot allows those same automatic functions to be performed consistently, with less expensive and cost-effective equipment.
An important platform for robotic growth is Intelligent Assist Devices (IAD) – operators use the robot as if it expands its organs with increasing access and power. This is a robotic technology – not replaced by humans or robots, but rather a new category of ergonomic products that help human partners in a variety of ways, including power aids, navigation, line tracking and automated processes.
IAD uses robotics technology to help producers manage parts and payloads – more, heavier, better, faster, less problematic. Using the human interface of the human machine, the operator and IAD work together to increase lift, steer and position movement. Sensors, computer power and control capabilities translate operator hand movements into human lifting power.
New Robot Configuration
As the technology and economic implications of Moore’s law continue to change computer power and price, we should expect more innovations, less robotic robots, more programs than the emphasis on traditional “dumb” service.
The biggest change for industrial robots is that they will evolve into different frameworks and processes. In most cases, switching configurations to new automation systems will not be as fast as robots. For example, robots using semiconductor production already look very different from those used in automotive plants.
We will see the day when there are more types of robots programmed than ever before in the world. There is a great change in the coming sea; power is important because robots will soon provide not only cost-effectiveness, but also unprecedented benefits and performance.
Without the wishes of robotic researchers to imitate human looks and ingenuity, that did not happen. Many robots still do not see – flexible and fast object recognition is not yet available. And there are very few examples of bipedal, robotic walking robots like the Honda P3, which are widely used for research or sample demonstration.
A small number of industrial robots are integrated into mechanical vision systems – hence the so-called mechanical vision rather than robotic vision. Recipients of the first equipment pay very high prices, due to the technical expertise required to “fix” such systems. For example, in the mid-1980’s, a flexible manufacturing program from Cincinnati Milacron included a $ 900,000 vision-led program. By 1998 median prices had dropped to $ 40,000, and prices continued to plummet.
Robots are already in use everywhere
Sales of industrial robots have risen to record levels and are extremely powerful, which can be used for household chores such as lawn mowing and carpet cleaning. Last year 3,000 underwater robots were operated, 2,300 demolition robots and 1,600 surgical robots. A dramatic increase in the number of home vacuum cleaners and lawn mowers, rose from 12,500 in 2000 to about 500,000 by the end of 2004. IBot’s Roomba floor cleaning robot is now available for under $ 200.00.
Following the recent threat of anthrax, robots have become increasingly used in postal filtering programs. Indeed, there is a great opportunity to automate the US postal service. About 1,000 robots were introduced last year to filter packages and the U.S. Postal Service estimates it can use up to 80,000 filters to filter.
Take a look around the “robots” around us today: automatic gas pumps, bank ATMs, self-testing routes – machines that have already replaced many service services.
For the next few decades. It does not take much faith to realize that advances in imagery, microprocessor speed, and mimicry can lead to the automation of tedious, less intelligent, and less-paying jobs.
Marshall Brain (yes, that’s his name) the founder of HowStuffWorks.com has written a few interesting articles about robots in the future, which is worth reading. He feels that it is quite reasonable that in the next 40 years robots will take over many human activities. According to Brain, in his speech “Robotic Nation”, robots acting as humans will be widely available by 2030. They will replace jobs currently filled with people doing chores such as fast food, house washing, and shopping. Without finding ways to compensate for these lost jobs, Brain estimates that more than 50% of Americans will be out of work by 2055 – instead of robots.